Defining the Rehabilitation Needs of Water ...


High losses in water distribution networks can cause inefficiencies due to the unnecessary expense of pumping and treating water which never reaches the customer. Excessively low losses can be inefficient too because the investment required can exceed the benefit. The optimum leakage level for any water network varies from network to network and is the objective of the PALM+ system By applying PALM+ it is possible not only to determine the optimum leakage level, but quantify the rehabilitation investment necessary to achieve it. It is applicable also to networks subjected to intermittent supply and has shown remarkable accuracy.

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Additional Information

Field Value
Last updated June 16, 2016
Created June 16, 2016
Format PDF
License Creative Commons Attribution
created over 4 years ago
format PDF
id 104aaf0c-fc5a-428c-8373-2c671a819980
openAccess false
package id b0b32b0f-aa1a-43fe-9de8-0d6fcc872fb8
position 45
revision id f0a5a351-7af0-466a-aa97-47988e9757d6
state active
tags Economic level of leakage,Leakage Management,Intermittent supply,Rehabilitation,Economic level of leakage,Leakage Management,Intermittent supply,Rehabilitation
topic Water supply and distribution
type Conference Paper
year 2,015